Additional Comments for CS Standards
 Survey Title:Computer Science Standards Development - Public Survey
 Survey Properties:
 Total Respondents:1401
 Responses By Question Analysis:

   Demographic Information
 2.  County
  Response Total Response Percent
Apache Response equal to 1 3 1%
Cochise Response equal to 3 11 3%
Coconino Response equal to 2 8 2%
Gila Response equal to 0 2 0%
Graham Response equal to 0 2 0%
Greenlee Visual spacer 0 0%
La Paz Visual spacer 0 0%
Maricopa Response equal to 65 269 65%
Mohave Response equal to 1 3 1%
Navajo Response equal to 2 10 2%
Pima Response equal to 16 65 16%
Pinal Response equal to 3 12 3%
Santa Cruz Response equal to 2 7 2%
Yavapai Response equal to 1 6 1%
Yuma Response equal to 3 11 3%
Out of State Response equal to 2 7 2%
Total Respondents  416 100%
 3.  Visitor Role
  Response Total Response Percent
K-12 Teacher Response equal to 65 269 65%
K-12 Administrator Response equal to 8 35 8%
K-12 Parent/Guardian Response equal to 5 19 5%
K-12 Student Visual spacer 0 0%
Higher Education Response equal to 6 26 6%
Retired Educator Response equal to 2 10 2%
Business Representative Response equal to 3 12 3%
Community Member Response equal to 4 18 4%
Elected Official Response equal to 0 1 0%
Media Response equal to 0 1 0%
Other Response equal to 6 25 6%
Total Respondents  416 100%
 4.  Please include any additional comments that you have about the development of K-12 Computer Science Standards.
1.This is very well thought-out and brings up all the factors that come along with using technology for everything which can potentially be of concern, as well as those that are necessary in order to be able to use technology effectively and in a manner that will garner respect from others.
2.I’m really excited that this is happening as I truly believe that all aspects of STEM education are equally important. I do feel as bough the technology and enumerating components are often overlooked.
3.this is definitely an idea whose time has come. I hope you will make sure to have voices in this process that are not just from the computer science education community. Computational thinking is not something we should reserve for computer science classes.
4.These standards are critical so AZ can produce graduates who are marketable in an ever-changing society.
5.Good luck and thank you for efforts to move us forward.
6.look forward to it! however, while I know you may not be designing this for a particular class, how are you going to provision for certification in this area? how would you define highly qualified? it seems like it may be hard to find folks who are highly qualified from an educational perspective who are willing to work for the typical salary Arizona teachers get...just sayin'
7.We need to develop technology skills within the school system to allow all students the opportunity to become computer literate and competent.
8.This is not applicable to elementary age students.
9.Computer studies should be offered at the higher levels of education, say jr. and sr. high school. Once a student developes an interest in computing, the subjects above should be available if the school is large enough to support the program.Typing is an important subect that is no longer taught as a manditory course, and it should be, as it effects standardizes testing scores as well as most other school work.
10.Please do not reinvent the wheel, this confuses students and prevents them from learning. Standards are already developed.
11.This is very exciting. I chaired and worked with several technology committees in curriculum development, worked in IT, taught technology and served on various district and state boards. I am an advocate of CTE and the philosophy of developing the whole world experience, which includes a significant technological influence today, for a successful school transition for our youth. I look forward to anything I can offer to assist your efforts.
12.Perhaps I misinterpreted the above, but I did not see any reference to addressing gender bias. Social impact and collaboration come the closest, but there should be some explicit piece that helps young women identify and form professional pathways in computing-related fields. Too often it becomes a male-dominated "gaming" exercise before they even get to college.
13.Overall, this is an important effort
14.The computer is technology and is always changing. It can eventually become archaic and we have to make sure we focus on thinking skills (using the computer as a tool) instead of learning how a computer works today.
15.Lots could be considered if the right person/people are there to develop!
16.I believe there needs to be care taken with how these standards are separate from the educational technology standards and the purpose of each. There will be confusion as to why both may be necessary. There will also need to be care taken when the educational technology standards are revised that there is close coordination between what the computer science standards and the educational technology standards are asking.
17.The K-12 Computer Science Framework (concepts and practices) is a great place to start. Thank you for emphasizing the importance of computer science. I think it will be an important piece of developing informed and capable digital citizens who will be asked to operate in a rapidly changing technological landscape. Best of luck to you during this process!
18.This is ridiculous to create standards that teachers don't have time, or expertise to teach when they should be focused on reading, writing and math as well as college and career readiness. These kids already know how to use and develop computer skills that will help them be successful. It is already built into the curriculum. Forcing more standards down their throats is not the answer. Teachers already do technology training through the regular curriculum in preparation for the AzMERIT and ACT tests.
19.This will be a worthwhile effort - thanks.
20.please align with the K12 Computer Science Framework & the CSTA standards from computer science
21.encourage the use of raspberry-pi, arduino, and micro-bits.
22.Thrilled that Arizona is developing Computer Science standards. This is extremely important.
23.It will be important to have teacher and administrator standards/recommendations and professional development around these standards also.
24.Everyone of these standards is incredibly important. I believe that we should make Computer Science a required course to prepare students for jobs at Intel, Motorola, Raytheon, Honeywell, Amazon, etc. Let me know how I can help. Jeremy Woodward (
25.Really critical to weave in equity issues into standards (under inclusive computing culture)
Important to emphasize the biases, decision-making process, connecting to the humanities and moral compass in terms of what and how students will create computational artifacts so that they are aware of who they are and how they view the world gets encoded into their work. It's important to compute with the view to benefit society.
26.Think broad and flexible, over specific and deep. Technology will change, before a Kindergartner has even graduated high school with this standard. I don't want to seem overly critical but technology comprehension and use is critical to our society and civilization.
27.I can be contacted by email at or by phone at 480-766-3059.

CompSci needs to serve the Core curriculum or you can forget about trying to make a "standard" for it. There just isn't time to teach CompSci alone until you hit high school elective slots.

The minimal goal should be a level of computer INTERFACE literacy with Hardware/Software interfaces that a graduated student can handle without actually having to refer to the flow chart. And to be capable for protecting themselves digitally.

I understand this not going to be the majority or popular view of how Computer Science should be handled in K-12, but I certainly feel it is a rational one given constraints.

I would be happy to clean up and provide my own notes on trying to integrate and align the Project Spark environment ( , ) to the Common Core standards. Which can likely be expanded to cover integration of other robust program development environments. Mathematics is fairly easy, but here is one from Language Arts.

One of the functions in many programming languages is "String Parsing." Taking a "string" of text and breaking it into parts. Natural language parsing and comprehension is one of the major tasks being worked on for AI and other computer systems. Natural language parsing and comprehension is also important for human students and essentially covered in CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L standards. Instead of having a whole separate section of the day dedicated to CompSci, you instead use CompSci and have students "teach" their computer/program to parse the English rules they are supposed to be learning and understanding. Why is this important to them? Because this how their spelling and grammar checkers in their word processors work. Can they outdo their MSOffice's Spell/Grammar check, or can they catch those programs making an error? Especially in grammar.

Focus on the CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.L skills, reinforcement of those skills by a bit of lite programming, and slight touch on the societal implications of computers checking our grammar for us.

CompSci has been integrated into English class as a tool of reinforcement. Of course the actual learing tools and methods to make that happen smoothly is a whole different discussion. Currently there are very few programming environments I'd feel comfortable turning a 2nd grader loose on to that kind of programming in a timely and productive fashion. Which is also another discussion to have.
28.Consider that you are dealing with a population that does not know a non-digital environment.
29.I think some foundational concepts, such as collaboration, ethics, inclusiveness, etc... should be learned outside of the computing environment since they apply to all aspects of life. Their application in the computing environment should be included in the standards. I don't think Computer Science classes are necessary until high school - maybe as an elective in middle school for those students who are interested. Even most of the high school classes should probably be electives. It might be good to have a required class on computers and societal impacts (positive/negative) and on developing an awareness of targeted advertising.
30.This is my first year teaching Computer Principles and everything is overwhelming.
31.would like to see all of the above in some sort or technology class, that is also offered more than once a week for all k-12 classes.
32.I fell short on my answers for the numbers 18-31 due to time restraint. If you wish to know more, I would be happy to answer.
33.The practices need to be paramount and shown how they connect with all other content areas and not in just superficial ways. The underlying concepts--critical and creative thinking and their application in problem solving contexts--should be the focus of education. The content--computer science included--should be the context within which the those skills should be practiced in an effort to ingrain those understandings into the students rather than adding a bunch of facts to their inventory of crystallized knowledge.
34.I know it will be interesting with the devices changing and calling for different skills sets.
Basic integrity for giving credit for information and challenging students to apply the information in a creative project centered way should be encouraged in the appropriate grades.
How students can create videos and podcasts should be encouraged. Basic coding should be introduced and encouraged for those students who are interested.
35.Thanks for the time and effort!
36.Standards need to be implemented in core classes.
37.As an instructional specialist and computer science project manager for our district, I would love to be a part of these discussions.
38.Pease push this!
39.I think Computer Science is an important part of a student's education; however, I am aware this view is not a norm in school/classroom culture. I think it would be important for these standards to align with other Arizona standards. I think a classroom teacher would be more receptive if they saw how a specific computer science standard aligns/complements specific math or ELA standards.
40.Thanks for including input from all grade levels
41.Every school should have weekly access to computer science learning as a specials rotation. Every site should have their own computer science teacher to implement the standards in collaboration with the teachers. Our CTI and Robotics teachers are split between two schools which makes it hard to implement some projects. If we had a full-time teacher, we could do several projects during the year instead of just 8 weeks of Robotics. I have incorporated CS learning into my classroom and was one of the first to pilot STEM in my district. However, it has become increasingly difficult with regulations pushing teachers to seek district approval for every tool they want to test out. Just as we want our students to explore and grow, we need to give our teachers the freedom to do this too.
42.Cross curricular instruction is the best way to handle basic computer science knowledge. Once the students know the basics, they will only excel if given the chance to apply the content in a different content that they are interested in.
43.I think if having these standards that also connect somehow to a math concept or ELA concept would help not only in the CS class, but teachers can also use it in their classrooms.
44.As a trainer for the CompTIA A+, Network+, and Security+ courses, plus having a solid background as a Navy Instructor and curriculum developer I would be happy to help or answer any additional questions you may have. I currently teach a very diverse group of students ranging from Disabled Vets to underprivileged youth.
45.These standards need to foremost in our school environments. They are some of the most important things students need to be learning in this day and age.
46.The first several standards/topics listed in the survey seem very important. Those later in the survey seem to be topics for high school computing, and not for elementary.
47.Already stated
48.I am probably not a good person to survey since we rarely deal with these topics in 6th grade.
49.Typing skills are important. People who cannot type avoid technology and are left behind when technology advances.
50.Please refer to my answers on the first few pages about not being t narrow as the filed is so wide open and we do not want to pigeon the field or creativity
51.It is important to start early, and be consistent to build skills and thinking capability.
It is important to encompass both school and after school as you develop these standards. After school programs have the benefit of flexibility, and can delve into topics with more time and attention that regular schools. A partnership and continuity here would be of great benefit to students and their education.
It is important that students own the exploration to the greatest degree... this is the success strategy of PBL.
It is important to stay focused on delivering the top job skills for 2020 (and beyond). Not all of these students will stay in computer science fields, but the critical thinking, the collaboration, the ability to parse problems and think creatively about solutions... these are UNIVERSAL skills which are needed for all jobs and our overall competitiveness as a nation. True, we face critical shortfalls in computer science, but most of the underlying skills are fundamental to our creative future.

I hope you'll find ways to get individuals involved in your process from many walks of life. I'm an electrical engineer by training, a technical manager by career, an after school STEM coordinator, and a former advisory board member for community college technical curriculum.
52.I have some mixed feelings about adding so much to our very full curriculum, and careful wording and selection of the most important topics is crucial for success, especially in the elementary level.
53.Having a list of integrated ideas that go with other curriculum would also be appreciated for projects
54.I feel all of these are important but not at every grade level.
55.Standards for computer science would be a wonderful way to build better curriculum for all k-12 students. However, many teachers still don't use or know how to use the computers in a meaningful way. For this to be successful there would need be meaningful teacher training.
56.Thank you
57.I'm very excited to see that CS standards will be added to the AZ standards.
58.We would like to see technology standards to be embedded into the AZ ELA, Math, Science, and Social Standards. This would leave technology classes for specific skills/content such as coding, building a computer, graphic design, technical aptitude, etc.
59.It is essential that we have Computer Science standards! The internet was created in the USA and our students need a working knowledge of modern communications technology to stay competitive!
60.I teach coding to K-5 but my feedback is from the business perspective and my previous technical career
61.REALLY GLAD that you are doing this!!!!!
62.As a retired software and algorithm engineer now teaching computer science, I believe we should focus on giving our K-12 students opportunities to develop their coding "chops"
In today's world, good coders don't develop from reading books and following prescribed rules. The larger the list of standards gets and the more topics it tries to cover, the less practical and effective it will be.
When a computer science student gets a job or internship, they will be taught that company or organization's "way" of doing things. 1st and foremost they want to know if a kid can code.
I think we need teachers across all levels of K-12 who can code themselves or somehow get more industry help. That is more effective that writing giant lists of standards
63.I will add that I'm a bit biased, I feel that all of the concepts and practices listed in this survey are "Very Important" because I am one of the CSTA Standards authors. I'm excited for AZ to develop K-12 CS Standards and hope that I can help!
Total Respondents  63